Incentivizing compliance: Evaluating the effectiveness of targeted village incentives for reducing burning in Indonesia

Periodic peat and forest fires in Sumatra and Kalimantan result in haze that blankets Indonesia and neighboring countries, with effects on human health, the environment and the economy. Although the prevailing approach for preventing and reducing the incidence of fire in Indonesia is regulatory, village-level incentive schemes have been trialed by agribusinesses and pulp and […]

Exploring the design of jurisdictional REDD+: The case of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

Jurisdictional approaches to REDD+ have received less attention than project-based REDD+ activities, yet they are needed for the successful implementation of REDD+ at the national level. Three subnational levels can be considered for the implementation of jurisdictional REDD+ in Indonesia: Provincial, District and Village. REDD+ implementation should involve all levels of jurisdiction, however, the implementation […]

Village transfers for the environment: Lessons from community-based development programs and the village fund

Land uses that cause deforestation, fires and peatland degradation are the primary cause of greenhouse gas emissions in Indonesia. Historically, large-scale commercial land uses, such as logging, plantations for pulp and paper, and plantation crops, such as oil palm, have been responsible for the majority of emissions and degradation. Increasingly, however, smallholders have both the […]

Oil Palm in Indonesia

Tropical deforestation, forest fires, and peatland degradation in Indonesia are a major cause of greenhouse gas emissions and biodiversity loss. Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) is one of the more visible and profitable agricultural commodities driving the expansion of industrial and small-scale plantations into forest and peatland areas. Although they are not the primary driver of […]