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What is the jurisdictional certification of palm oil?
The jurisdictional certification of palm oil refers to the application of sustainability principles and criteria at the level of the jurisdiction. By certifying a jurisdiction, all actors in the palm oil supply chain — including independent smallholders, medium to industrial scale plantations, mills, traders and transporters — should comply with the sustainability principles and criteria.
What is a jurisdiction?
A jurisdiction is an official administrative area led by a government with the authority to issue regulations that apply to everyone living or working in the area. In Indonesia, a jurisdiction can be a province or a district or a village. Jurisdictional certification looks at the medium scale, neither too big or small. In turn, the village governments lack sufficient authority and scale to address challenges to sustainability. Consequently, jurisdictional approaches focus on the district or provincial level. The best level for the implementation of the jurisdictional approach depends on the authority of the level of government as stipulated by laws and regulations.
What are the main elements of jurisdictional certification?
What are the benefits of the jurisdictional certification?
Who will be certified in the jurisdictional certification?
Producers will be certified through an independent jurisdictional entity and not by the government of a jurisdiction. The jurisdictional entity should be the unit responsible for ensuring compliance with the sustainability standards, principles and criteria among the producers that will be certified. The entity will then be audited to assess the compliance of the members.
Who will certify the jurisdiction entity?
One or several certification schemes. There are currently many sustainability certification schemes including the Indonesian Sustainable Palm Oil System (ISPO), the Roundtable for Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO), and the International Sustainability & Carbon Certification (ISCC) scheme. Although emphasizing different areas, the schemes aim to achieve the same overarching sustainability principles.
Each of the certification labels allows for a group certification, however, jurisdictional certification is new to all schemes. Through jurisdictional certification, governors or district heads should issue necessary regulations to ensure the application of certain standards at the entire jurisdiction. Not all standards can be upwardly delegated to the jurisdiction level. However, sustainability issues such as deforestation, fire prevention and social conflicts, should be regulated at that level. The regulations issued by the government will then be applied to all producers within the jurisdiction.
RSPO is currently finalizing the certification document system on jurisdictional certification, while other certification schemes are considering creating a mechanism to assess the performance of local governments in sustainable commodity production. The Government of Indonesia, for instance, is developing the Terpercaya system to measure the performance of district governments in achieving sustainability.
What is the experience from West Kotawaringin and Seruyan in the jurisdiction certification?
Two of the largest palm oil producing districts in Central Kalimantan, Seruyan and West Kotawaringin districts, declared their commitment to jurisdictional certification of palm oil in 2015. The main achievements in both districts can be into grouped into five workstreams.