The province of West Papua in Indonesia is one of the poorest yet most highly forested in the country. Indigenous Papuans, many of whose rights to land and resources are not recognized formally in Indonesian law, comprise the majority of the poor. Can poverty in West Papua be alleviated in a way that recognises the rights of indigenous Papuans while preserving the natural environment?
The European Forest Institute (EFI) and Institut Penelitian Inovasi Bumi (INOBU), a sister organisation of Earth Innovation Institute (EII), have been working together since 2013 to find a solution to this challenge. We have sought to trial an innovative, new approach for improving land and resource governance at the level of jurisdictions. Through improving land and resource governance, we aim to ensure that commodities are produced sustainably, equitably, and in a way that recognizes and respects the rights of indigenous Papuans. At the center of this strategy is a jurisdictional performance system.
In this brief Developing a jurisdictional monitoring system aimed at improving sustainable rural development, we discuss the rationale for a jurisdictional performance system in the context of West Papua. We discuss the collaborative process of developing performance goals and indicators for the system, propose the design of the monitoring system and next steps for piloting it in West Papua.