Our Work What Land

Land

The Indonesian archipelago, extends from Aceh in the west, Papua in the East, the Philippines to the north and Australia to the south. The land masses encompass the whole or parts of massive islands such as Papua (New Guinea), Kalimantan (Borneo), Sumatra and Sulawesi to small, tiny islands such as those of the Thousand Island area off Jakarta. In the south eastern areas of Indonesia, grassy savannahs cover much of the land, whereas in other parts of Indonesia, the interior of many islands covered by tropical forests. Across most of Indonesia, the expansion of agriculture and other land uses threatens much of the natural, terrestrial ecosystems. Land uses can include anything from the cultivation of export cash crops such as palm oil, food crops including rice, to extractive land uses such as forestry and mining. At INOBU, we strive to find ways that land, forests and other terrestrial ecosystems can be managed sustainably.

Throughout the year, we host many events, some of which are open to the general public.

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The New Local Government Law

In September 2014, the Indonesian government enacted the new Local Government Law, Law No. 23/2014 that replaced the old Local Government Law, Law No. 32/2004. Although it recentralizes some authority back to the central level, the new law provides clearer guidance related to the distribution of governmental functions between the central and local governments. This article summarizes the legal analysis of the old and new Local Government Laws. Specifically, this article will analyze the shift of authority and distribution of governmental functions among the central, provincial, and district governments, especially with regards to land-based sectors, including forestry, land, agriculture, and spatial planning.

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How can REDD+ protect the rights of West Papuans and the environment?

The Indonesian central government recently announced economic development as a national priority in West Papua. With commercial interests set to expand, there is an urgent need to implement land-use management systems that safeguard the welfare and rights of indigenous people and their natural environment in the province.

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Intergovernmental Fiscal Transfers, Forest Conservation and Climate Change

Intergovernmental fiscal transfers (IFTs) are an innovative way to create incentives for local public actors to support conservation. This book contributes to the debate about how to conserve tropical forests by implementing mechanisms for reducing deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+).

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