Governance, Policies, and Institutions
The way that commodities are cultivated, harvested or extracted are shaped by governance processes. Governance, which involves formal, informal, market and customary means of governing, shapes how and who can benefit from resources and how the environment is affected by the production of commodities. Governance involves multiple levels: from global processes such as commodity markets and supply chains, to national laws and regulations, local government and customary institutions. In some cases, it may be easy to identify the rules regulating the use of resources and production of commodities. In other cases, laws and regulations designed for other sectors, such as mining, may affect the sustainability of other sectors, such as agriculture. At INOBU, we specialise in studying these complex problems of governance, and provide policy recommendations that improve the environmental sustainability and equitability of the use of natural resources and the production of commodities.