Developing policy innovations for the sustainable management Indonesia's natural resources and agricultural production systems requires creating new policy instruments for improving the productivity and sustainability of these industries. Policy innovations may suggest alternative modes of production for achieving the same goal, for instance replacing fishing with aquaculture. An ideal innovation will also improve equity such as including smallholders or recognizing the rights of indigenous people.
Although INOBU may be unable to directly produce technology that benefits smallholders, fishers and forest dependent people, INOBU may be able to facilitate the institutional arrangements where these people can gain access to important technology and credit. These institutional arrangements will involve connecting smallholders and fishers with businesses, technology research institutions along with the finance to pay for them which will enable them to increase the value of their commodities and enter sustainable commodity markets.