This month INOBU trained 45 government staff in Central Kalimantan on how to input plantation data into SIPKEBUN, the online monitoring system poised to completely transform land management in the province. The trainings were conducted in Gunung Mas, Katowaringin Barat and Seruyanas districts, as well as the provincial capital, Palangka Raya. A foundation for sustainable jurisdictions, SIPKEBUN is the product of close collaboration between INOBU and the government of Central Kalimantan.
The roll-out of SIPKEBUN through these trainings is an exciting step towards integrating all land use data in Central Kalimantan province into a single system. Going beyond monitoring alone, the system provides for the first time in Indonesia, an online tool for monitoring, reporting and analysis—a comprehensive platform equipping government administrators and decision-makers with the right mix of relevant land-use information for better land management.
In early 2013, the government of Central Kalimantan launched a Roadmap to Low-Deforestation Rural Development to support the implementation of provincial regulation on sustainable plantations 5/2011. Since 2013, Earth Innovation Institute and INOBU have been working with the provincial and district governments to ensure the sustainable cultivation of oil palm. Focused on three districts in Central Kalimantan: Kotawaringin Barat, Seruyan and Gunung Mas, the activities are designed to have the jurisdictions certified according to the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) standards.
The launch of SIPKEBUN is a key step towards making Central Kalimantan’s districts sustainable. A monitoring system facilitates compliance with regulations and enhances the transparency of commercial operations. It also empowers decision makers to make better and well informed policies. A monitoring system also ensures that resources and support are well-targeted. With a monitoring system, the government has the information infrastructure to begin to effectively nurture sustainable agriculture and better manage land in the province.
SIPKEBUN is an online GIS-based monitoring system. Its GIS platform allows for the overlaying of key secondary data. For example, the system tracks data regarding forest fires, enabling the government to identify forest-fire hotspots in the context of forests and agriculture, and to respond effectively. SIPKEBUN is unique in that it has been developed for the government as a tool for to improving forest governance. The driving force behind SIPKEBUN is the need to empower government to tackle head-on the challenge of illegal deforestation. Based on different levels of access, district, provincial and central users are now uploading and accessing official data, generating reports and/or performing analyses through a single system.
The power of SIPKEBUN in Central Kalimantan, and its potential application across Indonesia in the development of sustainable jurisdictions, is unprecedented. Before the introduction of SIPKEBUN, the various district-level forest and land planning offices collected and stored plantation and other related data in their respective offices. As is the case across Indonesia, the province’s commercial agriculture data lacked integration, and it required enormous effort to monitor the hundreds of large plantations in the province. With SIPKEBUN, Plantation Data for hundreds of commercial plantations across millions of hectares will now be housed in a single province-wide system.
SIPKEBUN currently focuses on Plantation Data, with the bonus that it overlays GIS-driven data such as forest fires and hotspots, areas of degraded land, deforestation and compliance. Efforts to enhance the tool with social data are underway, particularly the tracking of land tenure and conflicts. Currently, the data collection and inputting rests with Government staff, such as the team trained in the three districts (plus Palangkaraya), but in the future, the system will facilitate online reporting from companies to the government. INOBU is developing a mobile application that will expedite the collection of data on smallholder farmers.
INOBU (Institut Penelitian Inovasi Bumi) is an Indonesian research institute that works towards the vision of an Indonesia where land and seascapes are managed sustainably and benefit the communities that depend on them. Through innovative research, policy analysis, technology and alliance-building, INOBU seeks to improve public policies and strengthen civil society to sustainably manage Indonesia’s natural resources and agricultural production systems, throughout the life-cycle of products.