Resources Publications Strengthening Monitoring of Decentralized Service Delivery in the Oil Palm Sector

Strengthening Monitoring of Decentralized Service Delivery in the Oil Palm Sector

Land for new pantations is increasingly scarce in Indonesia. This scarcity increases the importance of performance monitoring of existing concessions to achieve sustainable socio-economic growth. Existing concessions are expected to have better productivity and stronger partnerships with smallholder farmers. Plantation companies are expected to comply with good social and environment practices. Based on the current guidelines of the Ministry of Agriculture Decree No. 07/2009, failing to comply with the regulation can cause their business licenses to be revoked. Monitoring can assess the level of compliance with regulations, while providing information on productivity that can help mitigate the negative impacts of the operations on surrounding communities and the environment. Monitoring and evaluation of companies performace should be conducted from the establishment of plantations until the operational phase.

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The New Local Government Law

In September 2014, the Indonesian government enacted the new Local Government Law, Law No. 23/2014 that replaced the old Local Government Law, Law No. 32/2004. Although it recentralizes some authority back to the central level, the new law provides clearer guidance related to the distribution of governmental functions between the central and local governments. This article summarizes the legal analysis of the old and new Local Government Laws. Specifically, this article will analyze the shift of authority and distribution of governmental functions among the central, provincial, and district governments, especially with regards to land-based sectors, including forestry, land, agriculture, and spatial planning.

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How can REDD+ protect the rights of West Papuans and the environment?

The Indonesian central government recently announced economic development as a national priority in West Papua. With commercial interests set to expand, there is an urgent need to implement land-use management systems that safeguard the welfare and rights of indigenous people and their natural environment in the province.

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Intergovernmental Fiscal Transfers, Forest Conservation and Climate Change

Intergovernmental fiscal transfers (IFTs) are an innovative way to create incentives for local public actors to support conservation. This book contributes to the debate about how to conserve tropical forests by implementing mechanisms for reducing deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+).

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