Resources Publications The Central Kalimantan Roadmap Executive Summary

The Central Kalimantan Roadmap Executive Summary

Central Kalimantan has a vigorous, productive palm oil sector that contributes 28% of the province’s GDRP, generates 165,600 jobs, and that pro- vides incomes to many smallholder families. Palm oil production is often as- sociated with deforestation, which could become an important barrier to access- ing palm oil markets, while diminishing the long-term well-being of Central Ka- limantan society. Deforestation could be reduced or ended by increasing the pro- ductivity of existing palm oil plantations and by redirecting expansion of palm oil plantations onto lands that are already cleared and far below their productive potential. To achieve this transition, im- portant obstacles must be overcome. This roadmap, developed with input and support from several Districts, palm oil companies, and civil society organiza- tions, summarizes a plan for reducing deforestation while increasing palm oil production and elevating rural incomes of smallholder families.

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The New Local Government Law

In September 2014, the Indonesian government enacted the new Local Government Law, Law No. 23/2014 that replaced the old Local Government Law, Law No. 32/2004. Although it recentralizes some authority back to the central level, the new law provides clearer guidance related to the distribution of governmental functions between the central and local governments. This article summarizes the legal analysis of the old and new Local Government Laws. Specifically, this article will analyze the shift of authority and distribution of governmental functions among the central, provincial, and district governments, especially with regards to land-based sectors, including forestry, land, agriculture, and spatial planning.

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How can REDD+ protect the rights of West Papuans and the environment?

The Indonesian central government recently announced economic development as a national priority in West Papua. With commercial interests set to expand, there is an urgent need to implement land-use management systems that safeguard the welfare and rights of indigenous people and their natural environment in the province.

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Intergovernmental Fiscal Transfers, Forest Conservation and Climate Change

Intergovernmental fiscal transfers (IFTs) are an innovative way to create incentives for local public actors to support conservation. This book contributes to the debate about how to conserve tropical forests by implementing mechanisms for reducing deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+).

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