Resources Projects Forest, Farms and Finance Initiative

Forest, Farms and Finance Initiative

Among the major challenges facing developing nation societies today are the destruction of tropical forests and other native ecosystems and resulting emissions of CO2 and other greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, the erosion and loss of soils, the degradation and depletion of freshwater delivery systems, and the disruption and displacement of indigenous, traditional and smallholder communities that occur as agricultural and livestock production systems expand “horizontally” through forest conversion and resulting land conflicts.

The Forests, Farms and Finance Initiative seeks to address these problems by linking incentives for more environmentally and socially responsible agricultural commodities production with initiatives to reduce deforestation and other environmental degradation.

Currently, sustainable supply chain initiatives, domestic policies and finance, and REDD+-related programs to increase food production while sparing forests and lowering carbon emissions in the tropics are advancing largely in isolation separated by different scales of intervention, performance metrics and levers for shaping land user behavior. As a result of this disconnect, farmers are receiving few, if any, positive incentives to forgo legal forest clearing and to invest in more sustainable production systems.

 

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The New Local Government Law

In September 2014, the Indonesian government enacted the new Local Government Law, Law No. 23/2014 that replaced the old Local Government Law, Law No. 32/2004. Although it recentralizes some authority back to the central level, the new law provides clearer guidance related to the distribution of governmental functions between the central and local governments. This article summarizes the legal analysis of the old and new Local Government Laws. Specifically, this article will analyze the shift of authority and distribution of governmental functions among the central, provincial, and district governments, especially with regards to land-based sectors, including forestry, land, agriculture, and spatial planning.

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How can REDD+ protect the rights of West Papuans and the environment?

The Indonesian central government recently announced economic development as a national priority in West Papua. With commercial interests set to expand, there is an urgent need to implement land-use management systems that safeguard the welfare and rights of indigenous people and their natural environment in the province.

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Intergovernmental Fiscal Transfers, Forest Conservation and Climate Change

Intergovernmental fiscal transfers (IFTs) are an innovative way to create incentives for local public actors to support conservation. This book contributes to the debate about how to conserve tropical forests by implementing mechanisms for reducing deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+).

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