Resources Projects A jurisdictional approach for the sustainable and equitable production of commodities

A jurisdictional approach for the sustainable and equitable production of commodities

The province of West Papua in Indonesia is one of the poorest yet most highly forested in Indonesia. Indigenous Papuans are the majority of the poor with many of their rights to resources not recognised formally in Indonesian law. Is there a way that poverty in West Papua can be alleviated in a way that recognises the rights of indigenous Papuans while preserving the natural environment? The European Forest Institute (EFI), in conjunction with Yayasan Penelitian Inovasi Bumi (INOBU), an affiliate of Earth Innovation Institute (EII), have been working together since 2013 to find a solution to this challenge. They have sought to trial an innovative, new approach for sustainable development at the level of jurisdictions. The goal of the work is to ensure that there are policy instruments, regulations and monitoring systems in place at the level of jurisdictions to ensure that commodities are produced sustainably, equitably, and in a way that the rights of recognises and respects the rights of indigenous Papuans.

 

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The New Local Government Law

In September 2014, the Indonesian government enacted the new Local Government Law, Law No. 23/2014 that replaced the old Local Government Law, Law No. 32/2004. Although it recentralizes some authority back to the central level, the new law provides clearer guidance related to the distribution of governmental functions between the central and local governments. This article summarizes the legal analysis of the old and new Local Government Laws. Specifically, this article will analyze the shift of authority and distribution of governmental functions among the central, provincial, and district governments, especially with regards to land-based sectors, including forestry, land, agriculture, and spatial planning.

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How can REDD+ protect the rights of West Papuans and the environment?

The Indonesian central government recently announced economic development as a national priority in West Papua. With commercial interests set to expand, there is an urgent need to implement land-use management systems that safeguard the welfare and rights of indigenous people and their natural environment in the province.

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Intergovernmental Fiscal Transfers, Forest Conservation and Climate Change

Intergovernmental fiscal transfers (IFTs) are an innovative way to create incentives for local public actors to support conservation. This book contributes to the debate about how to conserve tropical forests by implementing mechanisms for reducing deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+).

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